Perceptual difficulties with English consonants and vowels

The next speaker in our research seminar series this semester is our colleague Alex Ho-Cheong Leung. Alex is a Senior Lecturer in Linguistics at Northumbria.

The talk takes place in person at 11am on Wednesday 24th November 2021 in room 205 in the Squires Annexe building

The talk is titled ‘Perceptual difficulties with L2 English clusters and short vowels: Implications for pronunciation teaching and learning‘. There is an abstract below.

You can find directions to the campus and a campus map here:

https://www.northumbria.ac.uk/about-us/our-campuses/newcastle-city-campus/

We will also be streaming the talk for people who would like to attend that way. For the link to join, please email Billy Clark: billy.clark@northumbria.ac.uk

Abstract

Research has demonstrated that second/ foreign language (L2/FL) learners often struggle with the production of consonant clusters. It is common for learners to employ various simplification strategies including, deletion, substitution, and epenthesis in the production of clusters that are either absent or more complex than those in their first language. For example, it has been reported that some Spanish learners of L2 English epenthesise (i.e. supply extra materials) to break up clusters resulting in “espain” while attempting to pronounce “Spain”. It is worth asking whether non-target like production of clusters such as the above can be attributed to difficulties in perception. In fact, L2 speech research have started to explore the notion of “perceptual illusion” where participants report perceiving “phantom” elements that are not actually present in the speech stream.  

This presentation reports on a study that investigated English consonant clusters and short, unstressed vowel perception of 70 Arabic-, Mandarin-, Spanish-speaking foreign language learners and 19 native English speakers. Results from an AX-discrimination task show that participants misperceive stimuli containing consonant clusters and counterparts where clusters are broken up by epenthetic/prothetic elements. In light of these findings, we encourage a reconsideration of the balance between focusing on production and perception in pronunciation instructions. Despite advances in L2 speech research which demonstrates the close link between production and perception, materials written for popular consumption continue to rely heavily on “traditional approaches” which place a strong emphasis on “accurate production” at the expense of the perception domain.  

Keywords: consonant clusters; illusory vowels and epenthesis; perceptual illusion; second language perception; short vowels and schwa

Introducing Mantrap: Misogyny and the red pill

Content warning: this talk will deal with difficult topics which some audience members may find disturbing.

We are delighted to welcome Veronika Koller, from Lancaster University as the next speaker in our research seminar series this semester.

The talk takes place online at 12noon UK time on Wednesday the 17th of November.

The talk is open to all and will be delivered via Teams. Please email Billy clark for the link: billy.clark@northumbria.ac.uk

The title of Veronika’s talk is:

‘Introducing Mantrap: Misogyny and the Red Pill

The abstract is below.

The talk is open to all. For any queries, please email Billy Clark: billy.clark@northumbria.ac.uk

The full programme for this semester is at: https://northumbriaenglish.org/northumbria-linguistics-seminars-2021-2022/

. . .

Abstract:

Introducing Mantrap: Misogyny and the Red Pill

Veronika Koller (with Jess Aiston, Alexandra Krendel and Mark McGlashan)

In this talk, I will introduce a research project that focuses on language use in the so-called manosphere. The manosphere can be described as a loose online network of websites and discussion forums dedicated to specific issues relating to men and masculinity, such as techniques for the seduction of women, male separatism, men’s rights activism, and ‘involuntary celibacy’. Consistent across many of these sites and forums is the legitimation of misogyny through discussion of ‘red pill philosophy’, which disavows feminism and gender equality. The Mantrap project examines language use within and between manosphere communities and considers how the popularisation and normalisation of misogynistic discourse especially online may have profound social effects on beliefs, values and social behaviours. 

I will introduce the members of the project team, highlighting their contributions and elaborating on the special aspects of manopshere discourse that they work on. This will be followed by a review of publications that have resulted from our collaborative work, alongside other previous studies that inform our research. In short, this part of my talk will summarise what we know about the language use by different groups within the manosphere so far. 

The team works with a range of academic and non-academic research partners to develop and disseminate tools and strategies for countering the social harms resulting from the normalisation of misogynist discourse and practices, especially via mainstream online media. Accordingly, the final part of my talk will focus on collaborations between the Mantrap team and individuals and organisations in academia and beyond. 

Information Uniformity in Linguistic Planning

We are delighted to welcome Rachael Bailes, from Newcastle University, as the first speaker in our research seminar series this semester.

The talk takes place in person in room 205 in the Squires Annexe building

You can find directions to the campus and a campus map here:

https://www.northumbria.ac.uk/about-us/our-campuses/newcastle-city-campus/

We will also be streaming the talk for people who would like to attend that way. For the link to join, please email Billy Clark: billy.clark@northumbria.ac.uk

Rachael works on language evolution, cognitive science and social cognition. She is currently a postdoctoral researcher on the ESRC funded project ‘Constraints on the Adaptiveness of Information in Language (CAIL)’ at Newcastle. You can find out more about Rachael’s work at: https://rbailes.wordpress.com

The title of Rachael’s talk is:

‘Information uniformity in linguistic planning: form and function for noise resistance’

The abstract is below.

The talk is open to all. For any queries, please email Billy Clark: billy.clark@northumbria.ac.uk

The full programme for this semester is at: https://northumbriaenglish.org/northumbria-linguistics-seminars-2021-2022/

. . .

Abstract:

In this talk I’ll summarise two recent studies conducted with colleagues on the project `Constraints on the Adaptiveness of Information in Language (CAIL)’, which involves using information theory to analyse language and its cognitive scaffolding. 

Following Fenk and Fenk (1980, see also; Fenk-Oczlon, 2001), we suggest that information uniformity in linguistic planning represents an adaptation to noise resistance. We further suggest that language exhibits particular strategies for noise resistance that may be unique. Specifically, linguistic elements may be ordered across the whole utterance so as to reduce the likelihood of catastrophic communication failure in the presence of noise.

First, we demonstrate that more uniform ordering of elements confers functional noise resistance with a simulation study that compares the preservation of information in different distributions under conditions of noise. Second, we use historical corpus data on English and Icelandic to show that information uniformity is specifically and actively preserved by linguistic planning across time, unperturbed by structural language change. Taken together, this evidence suggests form and function for noise resistance in language, and the talk ends with some brief discussion about the future directions of this work. 

Fenk, A., & Fenk, G. (1980). Konstanz im kurzzeitgedächtnis-konstanz imsprachlichen informationsfluß. Zeitschrift für experimentelle und ange-wandte Psychologie,27, 402.

Fenk-Oczlon, G. (2001). Familiarity, information flow, and linguistic form. Typological Studies in Language,45, 431–448.